Coastal anthropogenic pressure monitoring in the French Mediterranean
The Mediterranean is a densely populated zone, as well as being the region in the world most visited by tourists. Human activity is highly developed there, and mostly concentrated along the coastline (100 m wide strip along the coastline).
The purpose of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (directive 2008/56/EC) is to keep the pressure due to human activity at a level compatible with maintaining the marine environment in good condition. Anthropogenic pressure (caused by human activity) monitoring has therefore become a priority.
In 2014, Andromède Océanologie, alongside the Rhône-Méditerranée-Corse Water Agency, set up the IMPACT programme intended to accurately map the anthropogenic pressure on the coastal waters of the French Mediterranean, as well as the associated impacts on the natural marine environment. This programme was the subject of a thesis and scientific publications (Holon 2015, Holon et al. 2015b, Holon et al. 2018).
Updated in 2018, the IMPACT programme currently offers access to the detailed cartography of 14 anthropogenic pressures and associated impacts via the Medtrix platform (www.medtrix.fr): Coastal developments, Agriculture, Aquaculture, Leisure boat moorings, Large unit moorings, Urbanisation, Coastal erosion/aggradation, Urban waste, Industrial effluents, Professional fishing excluding trawlers, Water course pollution, Seaside tourism, Shipping. A concomitant pressure index and the total impact are also calculated. Other pressure is currently the subject of our research.
On that basis, we can help you target and prioritise management locations and actions (limitation, protection, restoration, etc.) and to assess the possible benefits of existing actions. Detailed analyses (spatial distribution, quantification) of this existing (or future) pressure on a local scale and its impacts on the different marine habitats can be conducted on request.